Updated on 2024/04/11

写真b

 
ISHIGURO Itaru
 
*Items subject to periodic update by Rikkyo University (The rest are reprinted from information registered on researchmap.)
Affiliation*
College of Contemporary Psychology Department of Psychology
Graduate School of Contemporary Psychology Doctoral Program in Psychology
Graduate School of Contemporary Psychology Master's Program in Psychology
Title*
Professor
Degree
博士 ( 東京大学 )
Research Theme*
  • 社会調査を用いた量的研究法によって、具体的な社会現象を記述し、かつ行動科学、社会科学的な理論によって理解することを試みている。主要なテーマは社会関係と、その地域差および時系列的な変化であり、その主要な要因となり得る都市度や情報通信技術、さらには文化的な価値観について関心を持っている。

  • Research Interests
  • 社会調査

  • social survey

  • homophily

  • urbanism

  • interpersonal relationship

  • Campus Career*
    • 4 2020 - Present 
      College of Contemporary Psychology   Department of Psychology   Professor
    • 4 2020 - Present 
      Graduate School of Contemporary Psychology   Master's Program in Psychology   Professor
    • 4 2020 - Present 
      Graduate School of Contemporary Psychology   Doctoral Program in Psychology   Professor
     

    Research Areas

    • Humanities & Social Sciences / Sociology

    • Humanities & Social Sciences / Social psychology

    Research History

    • 4 2020 - Present 
      Rikkyo University

      More details

    • 4 2010 - 3 2020 
      Japan Women's University   Faculty of Integrated Arts and Social Sciences Department of Psychology

      More details

    • 2004 - 2007 
      Hirosaki University   Faculty of Humanities

      More details

    • 2007 
      - 弘前大学人文学部 准教授

      More details

    • 2001 - 2004 
      Hirosaki University   Faculty of Humanities

      More details

    • 2001 
      - Instructor of Faculty of Humanities of Hirosaki University

      More details

    •  
      Hirosaki University Faculty of Humanities, Information and Behavior   Assosiate Professor

      More details

    ▼display all

    Education

    • - 2001 
      The University of Tokyo

      More details

      Country: Japan

      researchmap

    Awards

    • 7 2014  
      日本社会心理学会奨励論文賞 

      More details

      Country:Japan

      researchmap

    • 11 2012  
      日本社会心理学会優秀論文賞 

      More details

      Country:Japan

      researchmap

    • 2006  
      日本社会心理学会奨励論文賞 

      More details

      Country:Japan

      researchmap

    Papers

    • Minimal social interactions and subjective well-being in the Japanese context: Examination of mediation processes using a national representative sample Peer-reviewed

      Itaru Ishiguro

      Social Sciences & Humanities Open8 ( 1 ) 100713 - 100713   2023

      More details

      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Elsevier BV  

      DOI: 10.1016/j.ssaho.2023.100713

      researchmap

    • Maximizing Tendency Predicts Delayed Marriage Among Japanese Adults Peer-reviewed

      Itaru Ishiguro

      Japanese Psychological Research64 ( 1 ) 53 - 63   9 10 2020

      More details

      Authorship:Lead author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Wiley  

      Abstract

      The present study examined whether maximizing tendency predicts Japanese adults' likelihood of getting married and their age at first marriage. Registered members of a survey company panel (n = 428) completed the Japanese version of the Relational Maximization Scale, which was used to assess maximizing tendency consisting of two factors. The first factor, “high standards,” was not related to either of the two variables under investigation. The second factor, “alternative search,” was positively related to age at first marriage but not to the likelihood of getting married. The results thus suggest that those who seek the best possible marriage partner tend to get married at a later age, but that they are as likely to get married as those who do not. The finding that maximizing tendency did not significantly predict the likelihood of marriage suggests that getting married remains a strong social norm in Japan.

      DOI: 10.1111/jpr.12307

      researchmap

      Other Link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full-xml/10.1111/jpr.12307

    • 青森県出身者の社会関係資本と地域間移動の関係 Invited

      石黒格

      教育社会学研究102   33 - 53   2018

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

      researchmap

    • Changes in core network size in Japan: Comparisons between the 1990s and 2010s Peer-reviewed

      Itaru Ishiguro

      SOCIAL NETWORKS52   270 - 281   1 2018

      More details

      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

      Few studies have examined changes in network size during the past 20 years in Japan despite changes in many other aspects of Japanese society that could affect Japanese social relationships. I conducted a time-series cross-sectional survey to investigate changes in network size for married Japanese people from 1993 to 2014. Results follow: 1) core network sizes decreased slightly; 2) the number of married males with no core network outside their households increased slightly; 3) kin and neighbour network sizes decreased and friend network size increased among married females; 4) kin network size decreased among married males; and 5) the probability of younger married males having no network friends increased. Overall, changes in network sizes were small, and we cannot conclude that serious social decay occurs among married Japanese people. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

      DOI: 10.1016/j.socnet.2017.09.005

      researchmap

    • Extroversion and neuroticism affect the right side of the distribution of network size Peer-reviewed

      Itaru Ishiguro

      SOCIAL NETWORKS44   219 - 225   1 2016

      More details

      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

      Previous studies explored various predictors of network size by examining their effects on mean network size. However, such predictors may not affect the entire distribution of network size uniformly. In the present study, I theoretically predict that extroversion and neuroticism affect the right side of the network size distribution to a greater extent than the left side and test these predictions using quantile regression analysis. The results showed that the effects of extroversion on the size of the inner and outer layers of personal network were significantly greater when the prediction target was the third quartile than when it was the first quartile. The results also showed that although the effects of neuroticism on the inner layer size were significant, that on the outer layer size were not. When the target variable was inner layer size, the relationship between neuroticism and inner layer size was stronger when the prediction target was the third quartile than when it was the first quartile. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

      DOI: 10.1016/j.socnet.2015.10.004

      researchmap

    • Effect of urbanism on personal network size revisited : a secondary analysis of the Asaka-Yamagata survey data using a quantile regression

        20 ( 20 ) 113 - 127   3 2014

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

      Other Link: http://id.nii.ac.jp/1133/00001610/

    • Extraversion changes the shape of the distribution of personal network size : An application of quantile regression to social psychological data Peer-reviewed

      ISHIGURO Itaru

      Japanese Journal of Social Psychology29 ( 1 ) 11 - 20   8 2013

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:The Japanese Society of Social Psychology  

      Traditionally, research in social psychology has focused on the mean values of target variables. In most cases, this is simply because the mean value is the target of most statistical methods and often does not reflect the theoretical basis. Consequently, this has narrowed the perspective of researchers and possibly caused misunderstandings of social phenomena. In this study, we introduce quantile regression to solve this problem, which predicts the pth percentile of a target variable for any value of p. As an example, we theoretically predicted that the effect of extraversion on personal network size is different among the right (upper) and left (lower) parts of the distribution and tested this prediction using quantile regression. The result showed that extraversion positively correlates with the 70th-90th percentile of personal network size to a greater extent than that of the 30th-10th percentile. This result indicates that the distribution of personal network size not only moves toward the right but also becomes right-skewed as extraversion increases.

      DOI: 10.14966/jssp.KJ00008931223

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

    • Two ways to overcome social uncertainty in social support networks: A test of the emancipation theory of trust by comparing kin/nonkin relationships Peer-reviewed

      Itaru Ishiguro, Yoichi Okamoto

      JAPANESE PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH55 ( 1 ) 1 - 11   1 2013

      More details

      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

      Many findings of previous research have supported the predictions of the emancipation theory of trust (Yamagishi, 2011) in experimental settings. Although the key concept of the theory is social uncertainty, few studies of the concept have been conducted in natural settings. In the present study, we operationally defined social uncertainty by comparing kin and nonkin relationships. We analyzed survey data representative of the Japanese population and compared the exchange of social support between kin and nonkin. The prediction was that commitment helps respondents construct cooperative nonkin relationships more than it does kin relationships, and general trust helps only resource-rich respondents to do so. The results supported the predictions. The study found significant interactions with relationship type x commitment and relationship type x household income x general trust. The patterns of mean score for social support exchanged were consistent with the predictions. High trusters with low household income exchanged more support independent of the relationship type.

      DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-5884.2012.00536.x

      researchmap

    • A Quantile Regression Analysis of Acquaintance Volume Peer-reviewed

      ISHIGURO Itaru

      Sociological Theory and Methods50 ( 2 ) 389 - 403   2011

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Japanese Association For Mathematical Sociology  

      Acquaintance volume, total size of personal/egocentric network including relatively sheer, inactive relationships, is a key concept in some important theory of social science such as subcultural theory of urbanism, emancipation theory of trust, and social capital. However factors correlating with acquaintance volume have not been identified well. In the present study, we measured acquaintance volume with a telephone book method and explored effects of some predictors on median and wide range of quantiles of acquaintance volume by quantile regression. Results showed positive effects of age, education, household income, use of cellular phones, and general trust on median of acquaintance volume. From the comparison of coefficients of regression models predicting q90, q50, and q10, we identified four predictors of network hubs: age, education, city size, and interpersonal anxiety. While age and education increased q90 more than q50 and q10, city size and interpersonal anxiety decreased q90 more than q50 and q10.

      DOI: 10.11218/ojjams.26.389

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

      Other Link: https://jlc.jst.go.jp/DN/JALC/10008373440?from=CiNii

    • Attitude homophily and relational selectability : An analysis of dyadic data Peer-reviewed

      ISHIGURO Itaru

      Japanese Journal of Social Psychology27 ( 1 ) 13 - 23   2011

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:The Japanese Society of Social Psychology  

      The present study examined attitude similarity among the Japanese using data from a national representative dyadic survey. The Euclidean distance of responses to eight 4-point survey items measuring the values of the respondents and alters was used as the index of the attitude similarity of dyads. Relationships between attitude similarity and urbanism and the size of one's personal network were measured as indexes of relational selectability. Multilevel analyses revealed the following results: (1) attitude similarity was significantly high among the Japanese; (2) the size of one's personal network positively and significantly correlated with attitude similarity; and (3) the correlation remained significant even when the similarity of demographic profiles was controlled. These results imply that attitude similarity is determined not by relational structure at the societal level but rather relational structure at the personal network level. The implications of the findings that attitude similarity was relatively weak and did not correlate with urbanism in regard to the subcultural theory of urbanism (Fischer, 1982) are discussed.

      DOI: 10.14966/jssp.KJ00007406646

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

    • The effect of urbanism on kin and friendship network in Japanese context

      Studies in the humanities Social sciences23 ( 23 ) 29 - 48   2010

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

      Other Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10129/3259

    • 青森県出身者の県外進学に関わる要因:県内外進学者の比較から

      石黒格

      人文社会論叢社会科学篇(弘前大学人文学部)18   69 - 79   2007

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

      researchmap

    • 態度と行動の共有が自己卑下的自己呈示に及ぼす効果 Peer-reviewed

      石黒格, 村上史朗

      社会心理学研究23 ( 2 ) 130 - 139   2007

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

      researchmap

    • 関係性が自己卑下的自己呈示に及ぼす効果 Peer-reviewed

      石黒格, 村上史朗

      社会心理学研究23 ( 1 ) 33 - 44   2007

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

      researchmap

    • The effect of heterogeneity of personal network on employment of youths

      Studies in the humanities Social sciences16 ( 16 ) 1 - 15   2006

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

      Other Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10129/864

    • アドレス帳の利用率と登録人数のネットワーク・サイズの指標としての妥当性 Peer-reviewed

      石黒格, 辻竜平

      理論と方法21 ( 2 ) 295 - 312   2006

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

      researchmap

    • Gender bias in estimating political expertise. Peer-reviewed

      Itaru Ishiguro

      Asian Journal of Social Psychology9 ( 3 ) 216 - 223   2006

      More details

      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

      researchmap

    • 謙遜の生起に対するコミュニケーション・ターゲットの効果 Peer-reviewed

      村上史朗, 石黒格

      社会心理学研究21 ( 1 ) 1 - 11   2005

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

      researchmap

    • ネットワークの文脈効果とその帰結:認知と構造の両過程を分離する試みとして Peer-reviewed

      未公刊博士論文(東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科)   2004

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Doctoral thesis  

      researchmap

    • Contextual effects of personal network on individuals' tendency to blame the victims of sexual harassment Peer-reviewed

      Itaru, I

      ASIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY6 ( 3 ) 201 - 214   12 2003

      More details

      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:BLACKWELL PUBL LTD  

      Victim-blaming has been studied extensively, especially in the context of sexual violence. In the present study, the distribution of opinion with regard to female victims of sexual violence among people in the respondents' networks was used to explain their victim-blaming tendency. Data from respondents' personal networks were collected, and the results revealed that respondents' attitudes towards victim-blaming correlated positively with the proportion of network others who had positive attitudes towards victim-blaming. The correlation was stronger among respondents who had low concern for the issue. The results supported a model of information bias of personal network on attitudes.

      researchmap

    • Measuring Personal Network by Snowball-Sampling Technique : Network Approach toward Yamagishi's Concept of General Trast

      Ishiguro Itaru

      Studies in the humanities. Social sciences9   85 - 98   2003

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)   Publisher:Hirosaki University  

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

      Other Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10129/952

    • Effects of global information feedback on diversity - Extensions to Axelrod's adaptive culture model Peer-reviewed

      Y Shibanai, S Yasuno, Ishiguro, I

      JOURNAL OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION45 ( 1 ) 80 - 96   2 2001

      More details

      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC  

      Based on Axelrod's adaptive culture model, the effects of the distribution of global information feedback are examined in two simulations. The first model is the generalized other model, where the most preferred features are hypothesized to represent the mental model of the most ordinary person and have the same influential power as real neighbors. The second model is the filter model, where neighbors are influential only when their traits are concordant with the most common trait among whole agents. In both simulations, the global distribution of information facilitated an earlier convergence and maintenance of cultural diversity. These counterintuitive results suggest that information about a global society, for example mass media coverage, would provide support for a local minority.

      researchmap

    • Dynamic Social Impact Theoryシミュレーションへの全体情報の導入:マス・コミュニケーションの「強力効果」は社会を統合するか? Peer-reviewed

      石黒格, 安野智子, 柴内康文

      社会心理学研究16 ( 2 ) 114 - 123   2001

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

      researchmap

    • テレビの視聴行動に対人的な要因が与える影響 Peer-reviewed

      石黒格

      社会心理学研究14 ( 3 ) 165 - 174   1999

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

      researchmap

    • 対人環境概念による規範の維持・変化モデルの検証 Peer-reviewed

      石黒格

      修士論文(東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科)   1998

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Master’s thesis  

      researchmap

    • 対人環境としてのソーシャル・ネットワークが性役割に関する態度、意見分布の認知に与える影響 Peer-reviewed

      石黒格

      社会心理学研究13 ( 2 ) 112 - 121   1998

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

      researchmap

    ▼display all

    Misc.

    • Factors relating to choosing a university outside Aomori prefecture

      Studies in the humanities Social sciences ( 18 ) 69 - 79   2007

      More details

    • The effects of shared attitudes and behavior on self-effacement

      ISHIGURO Itaru, MURAKAMI Fumio

      Japanese Journal of Social Psychology23 ( 2 ) 130 - 139   2007

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publisher:The Japanese Society of Social Psychology  

      "Sharing norms" has rarely been studied directly though it is one of the most important key-concepts in self-effacement research. The present study examined the effects of sharing norms on individual behavior by operationalizing the degree thereof regarding self-effacement. Two levels of sharing were measured : in a personal network and in a social system. It was predicted that both levels of sharing would be positively correlated with individual self-effacement behavior. A mail survey covering 12 local communities in Japan was conducted. The results showed that people engage in self-effacement more frequently when 1) positive evaluation and behavior regarding self-effacement were shared in their personal network and 2) behavior regarding self-effacement was shared in the communities where the respondents live. Sharing in a personal network was also correlated with individual attitude toward self-effacement. We discussed the differences of the roles that sharing in a personal network and social system plays in terms of self-effacement.

      DOI: 10.14966/jssp.KJ00004740702

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

    • The effects of interpersonal relationships on self-effacement

      ISHIGURO Itaru, MURAKAMI Fumio

      Japanese Journal of Social Psychology23 ( 1 ) 33 - 44   2007

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publisher:The Japanese Society of Social Psychology  

      Self-effacement has become an important topic in cross-cultural social psychology. However, descriptive characteristics of self-effacement have rarely been investigated. Based on representative network survey data, this study examined to whom Japanese people efface themselves. The results indicated as follows: 1) people tend to efface themselves to their neighbors or mere acquaintances more than to their spouses, colleagues, or best friends; 2) the duration of the relationship correlated negatively with self-effacement; 3) the relationship between psychological intimacy and self-effacement shaped reversed-U; and 4) people tend to efface themselves to maintain or attenuate their status difference, i.e., people efface themselves more to colleagues when the people considered those colleagues to be superior to them, and also to best friends when they considered those friends to be inferior to them.

      DOI: 10.14966/jssp.KJ00004663338

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

    • Gender bias in estimating political expertise

      Itaru Ishiguro

      ASIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY9 ( 3 ) 216 - 223   12 2006

      More details

      Language:English   Publisher:BLACKWELL PUBLISHING  

      The present study reveals that there is a gender bias in estimates of spouses' political expertise. Data were collected from married couples in one city in north-eastern Japan and the results showed that when all respondents were included, the estimation of spouses' political expertise was moderately accurate. However, while husbands' estimates of the political expertise of their wives were lowered and less accurate, wives' estimates of the political expertise of their husbands were more accurate. The implication of these findings for the political equality of males and females is discussed.

      DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-839X.2006.00200.x

      researchmap

    • 県内若者の就労にパーソナル・ネットワークの多様性が与える影響

      石黒格

      人文社会論叢社会科学編(弘前大学人文学部)16   1 - 15   2006

      More details

    • アドレス帳の利用率と登録人数のネットワーク・サイズの指標としての妥当性

      石黒格, 辻竜平

      理論と方法40 ( 2 ) 295 - 312   2006

      More details

    • The effects of the communication target on self-effacement

      MURAKAMI Fumio, ISHIGURO Itaru

      Japanese Journal of Social Psychology21 ( 1 ) 1 - 11   2005

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publisher:The Japanese Society of Social Psychology  

      We investigated self-effacement as an interpersonal issue. We focused on not only people who effaced themselves, but also on the communication targets to whom they showed their self-effacement. A mail survey was conducted to collect representative dyadic data. The results illustrate the social and interactive nature of self-effacement. First, the respondents were more likely to efface themselves to those communication targets who favor the modesty norm, and to those who deny the respondents' self-effacement. Second, the respondents preferred not to self-efface when NEITHER of them favored the modesty norm. Finally, we discuss the importance of using dyadic interaction to study communication norms.

      DOI: 10.14966/jssp.KJ00003725024

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

    • Contextual effects of personal network on individuals' tendency to blame the victims of sexual harassment

      Ishiguru Itaru

      Asian Journal of Social Psychology6 ( 3 ) 201 - 214   12 2003

      More details

      Language:English  

      Victim-blaming has been studied extensively, especially in the context of sexual violence. In the present study, the distribution of opinion with regard to female victims of sexual violence among people in the respondents' networks was used to explain their victim-blaming tendency. Data from respondents' personal networks were collected, and the results revealed that respondents' attitudes towards victim-blaming correlated positively with the proportion of network others who had positive attitudes towards victim-blaming. The correlation was stronger among respondents who had low concern for the issue. The results supported a model of information bias of personal network on attitudes.

      DOI: 10.1046/j.1467-839X.2003.00121.x

      Scopus

      researchmap

    • Effects of global information feedback on diversity - Extensions to Axelrod's adaptive culture model

      Y Shibanai, S Yasuno, Ishiguro, I

      JOURNAL OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION45 ( 1 ) 80 - 96   2 2001

      More details

      Language:English   Publisher:SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC  

      Based on Axelrod's adaptive culture model, the effects of the distribution of global information feedback are examined in two simulations. The first model is the generalized other model, where the most preferred features are hypothesized to represent the mental model of the most ordinary person and have the same influential power as real neighbors. The second model is the filter model, where neighbors are influential only when their traits are concordant with the most common trait among whole agents. In both simulations, the global distribution of information facilitated an earlier convergence and maintenance of cultural diversity. These counterintuitive results suggest that information about a global society, for example mass media coverage, would provide support for a local minority.

      DOI: 10.1177/0022002701045001004

      researchmap

    • Effects of Global Information Feedback on Diversity : Extensions to Axelrod's Adaptive Culture Model.(共著)

      Journal of Conflice Resolution45 ( 1 ) 80 - 96   2001

    • Application of global information as generalized other to computer simulation of Dynamic Social Impact Theory

      ISHIGURO Itaru, YASUNO Satoko, SHIBANAI Yasufumi

      Japanese Journal of Social Psychology16 ( 2 ) 114 - 123   2000

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publisher:The Japanese Society of Social Psychology  

      Nowak & Latane (1994) conducted computer simulation of adaptive agent bound to network structure and found "consolidation" and "clustering". They claimed minority could remain in the system by clustering. They ignored, however, people living in modern society have global information about the system they live in. What will be changed, or not changed, when all agents in Latane et al.'s simulation have global information about the system and adapt to it? Our study examined this point by adding the "fifth agent" as the "generalized other", which represented global information about the ratio of minority and majority, to Latane et al.'s simulation. We found clustering appear only when the majority initially dominated the system in number. And we also found that the system stay chaotic under the condition that minority initially occupied considerable area of the system. These findings imply that homogeneous global information promotes not homogeneous but heterogeneous society.

      DOI: 10.14966/jssp.KJ00003724850

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

    • Application of Global Information as Generalized other to computer simulation of Dynamic Social Impact Theory

      Japanese Journal of Social Psychology16 ( 2 ) 114 - 123   2000

      More details

    • The effect of the interpersonal factor on the people's selection of TV program

      ISHIGURO Itaru

      Japanese Journal of Social Psychology14 ( 3 ) 165 - 174   1999

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publisher:The Japanese Society of Social Psychology  

      Many uses and gratification studies in the mass communication research revealed that people select TV programs to meet their own needs, regardless of the senders' intention. Most of the studies, however, neglect the impact of others, which was found important in the studies of campaign effect. This study intends to examine the impact of others in terms of interpersonal environment (Ikeda, 1994, 1997) and to reconsider Komori and Ikeda (1996)'s findings. The hypothesis was: the more the number of the frequently-contact-others who watch a certain genre of TV program, the higher the tendency that the main respondent would watch the same genre of TV programs. Conducting a snowball sampling survey at one ward in Tokyo, and analyzing the data, the hypothesis was confirmed with at least three genres, dramas, sports, and "wideshow"s, which are mainly composed of gossips about stars. This implies people's selection of TV programs can be explained in terms of interpersonal factors.

      DOI: 10.14966/jssp.KJ00004622706

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

    • Examination of Maintenance and Change Model of Norm : From The pers-pective of Concern and network density

          1999

      More details

    • The effect of the interpersonal Sactor on the people's selection of TV program

      Japanese Journal of Social Psychology14 ( 3 ) 165 - 174   1999

      More details

    • 対人環境としてのソーシャル・ネットワークが性役割に関する態度と意見分布の認知に与える影響

      社会心理学研究13 ( 2 ) 112 - 121   1998

      More details

    • Effect of social network as interpersonal environment on attitude toward and perceived distribution of opinion about gender role.

      ISHIGURO Itaru

      Japanese Journal of Social Psychology13 ( 2 ) 112 - 121   1998

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Publisher:The Japanese Society of Social Psychology  

      A large number of gender studies have pointed out that demographic variables explain people's attitudes and behavior regarding gender roles. There seem to exist, however, social psychological factors which are strong determinants on gender related phenomena. Ikeda (1994) pointed out that interpersonal environment affects individuals' attitudes and behavior. Similarly, Huckfeldt (1986) claimed the existence of a positive effect on individuals' attitudes and behavior that result from casual and impersonal communication with others. These studies implied the importance of individuals' frequently-contact-others as a determinant of the individuals' attitudes and behavior. Present study applied their models to gender studies. The hypotheses were as follows: Perceived distribution of the opinion among the respondents' frequently-contact-others regarding gender role would 1) positively correlate with the respondents' attitudes toward gender roles and 2) positively correlate with the perceived distribution of the opinion regarding gender roles in the society. Using an 800 random sampled survey at Bunkyo ward in Tokyo, the hypotheses were confirmed. These correlation remained significant even when some demographic variables were controlled.

      DOI: 10.14966/jssp.KJ00003724774

      CiNii Article

      researchmap

    • Why victims of sexual violence are blamed?

          1997

      More details

    • Getting to know society through familiar others.

      Joint meeting of the 45th conference of the Japanese Group Dynamics Association and the second conference of the Asian Association of Social Psychology.   1997

      More details

    • Effect of Social network on people's attitude regarding gender roles

          1996

      More details

    ▼display all

    Books and Other Publications

    • 変わりゆく日本人のネットワーク:ICT普及期における社会関係の変化

      石黒格, 野沢慎司, 赤枝尚樹, 三田泰雅, 針原素子, 小林哲郎(第1,2,3章、終章)

      勁草書房  2018 

      More details

      Language:Japanese Book type:Scholarly book

      researchmap

    • 計量社会学入門:社会をデータで読む

      筒井淳也, 神林博史, 長松奈美江, 渡邉大輔, 藤原翔

      世界思想社  2015 

      More details

      Language:Japanese Book type:Scholarly book

      researchmap

    • 改訂Stataによる社会調査データの分析:入門から応用まで

      石黒格( Role: Joint author)

      北大路書房  5 2014 

      More details

    • The brain drain: Why Japanese youth move to Tokyo

      ( Role: Joint author)

      9 2012  ( ISBN:9784623064083

      More details

    • 社会心理学事典

      日本社会心理( Role: Joint author)

      丸善  2009 

      More details

      ソーシャル・ネットワークと群衆の項を担当

      researchmap

    • 近代化のフィールドワーク(作道信介編)

      東信堂  2008 

      More details

    • 青森県で生きる若者たち(李永俊・石黒格著)

      弘前大学出版会  2008 

      More details

    • Stataによる社会調査データの分析:入門から応用まで(石黒格編著)

      北大路書房  2008 

      More details

    • 社会心理学概説(潮村公弘・福島治編)

      北大路書房  2007 

      More details

    • 社会の見方、測り方:計量社会学への招待(与謝野有紀・栗田宣義・高田洋・間淵領吾・安田雪編)

      勁草書房  2006 

      More details

    • 社会行動の社会心理学:社会に参加する人間のこころと行動(池田謙一編)

      北大路書房  2001 

      More details

    ▼display all

    Presentations

    • 社会の流動性に応じた人間関係の同質性・異質性:個人単位および社会単位の人間関係に着目した地域社会調査

      福島慎太郎, 石黒格

      第91回日本社会学会大会  15 9 2018 

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

      Venue:甲南大学  

      researchmap

    • 自閉症スペクトラム指数は何を測っているのか:短縮版作成の試みと失敗から示唆されること

      石黒格

      第65回日本グループ・ダイナミクス学会大会  8 9 2018 

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:神戸大学  

      researchmap

    • 高信頼者の社会関係はオープンではない?:全国ネットワーク調査のトライアド・センサス

      石黒格

      第59回日本社会心理学会大会  28 8 2018 

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:追手門大学  

      researchmap

    • 短期的配偶戦略がペイするとき:生活史戦略と外見的魅力

      石黒格

      第58回日本社会心理学会大会  23 10 2017 

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:広島大学  

      researchmap

    • ネットワーク・サイズに対する外向性の効果の再検討

      石黒格

      第64回日本グループ・ダイナミクス学会大会  1 10 2017 

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:東京大学  

      researchmap

    • 地方都市の社会関係は「都市化」したか

      石黒格

      第64回日本数理社会学会大会  17 9 2017 

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

      Venue:札幌学院大学  

      researchmap

    • 外見への投資は社会的適応を向上させるか

      石黒格, 田中恵美

      第57回日本社会心理学会大会  18 9 2016 

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:関西学院大学  

      researchmap

    • 外向性がすべてか:主観的幸福感に対するオフライン/オンラインのネットワーク・サイズの効果

      石黒格, 田中恵美

      第57回日本社会心理学会大会  18 9 2016 

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:関西学院大学  

      researchmap

    • 20年間の親密な友人関係における接触頻度の変化

      石黒格

      第61回日本数理社会学会大会  17 3 2016 

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:上智大学  

      researchmap

    • 社会関係は「解放」されたか

      石黒格

      第56回日本社会心理学会大会  1 11 2015 

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:東京女子大学  

      researchmap

    • 1993-2014年間の日本人のネットワーク・サイズの変化

      石黒格

      第62回日本グループ・ダイナミクス学会大会  11 10 2015 

      More details

      Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:奈良大学  

      researchmap

    • 日本人の社会関係はどう変わったか

      2014年度第4回名古屋社会心理学研究会  2014 

      More details

    • 青森出身者の社会関係資本と地域間移動の関係

      第66回日本教育社会学会大会  2014 

      More details

    • 1997~2005年間のパーソナル・ネットワークの変化

      第61回日本グループ・ダイナミクス学会大会  2014 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • カウント分位点回帰分析を用いた都市度効果の再考

      第55回日本社会心理学会大会  2014 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • 信頼の解き放ち理論の検証:ダイアド・データを用いて

      第54回日本社会心理学会大会  2013 

      More details

    • ダイアド・データを用いた信頼の解き放ち理論の検証

      第56回数理社会学会大会  2013 

      More details

    • 危機は結束を高めるか?

      第60回日本グループ・ダイナミクス学会大会  2013 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • 都市的環境で拡大する少数派の趣味ネットワーク

      第53回日本社会心理学会大会  2012 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • 協力的な人物は好まれるか:同盟としての友人関係

      第59回日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会大会  2012 

      More details

    • A test of alliance hypothesis for human friendship

      2012 

      More details

    • 地方から大都市への移動と趣味ネットワークの拡大

      第52回日本社会心理学会大会  2011 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • ネットワーク・ハブを予測する:知人数の分位点回帰分析

      第52回数理社会学会・第7回ネットワークが創発する知能研究会合同大会  2011 

      More details

    • 都市への移動は「趣味仲間」を増やすか

      第52回数理社会学会・第7回ネットワークが創発する知能研究会合同大会  2011 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • 移動者のパーソナル・ネットワーク:東北と南関東の比較

      第58回日本グループ・ダイナミクス学会大会  2011 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • 都市は多様化するか

      第51回日本社会心理学会大会ポスター発表  2010 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • 日本におけるネットワークの同質性:心理変数を用いた下位文化仮説の検討

      日本社会心理学会第50回大会・日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会第56回大会合同大会ポスター発表  2009 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • 都市度と価値観の同類性:ダイアド・データを用いた分析

      第48回数理社会学会大会  2009 

      More details

    • 地域移動による若者の進学・就職・転職のパフォーマンス

      第47回数理社会学会大会ポスター発表  2009 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • 精神的、身体的健康の規定因としてのコントロール感と社会参加

      第49回日本社会心理学会大会ポスター発表  2008 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • 態度と行動の共有が自己卑下的自己呈示に及ぼす効果

      第54回日本グループダイナミクス学会大会  2007 

      More details

    • 『希釈』される信頼性評価

      第47回日本社会心理学会大会ポスター発表  2006 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • ターゲットとの関係性が自己卑下的自己呈示に及ぼす効果

      第46回日本社会心理学会大会  2005 

      More details

    • パーソナル・ネットワークにおける社会意識の一致とそのメカニズムの社会心理学的検討

      第7回日本進化学会  2005 

      More details

    • ネットワークは社会関係資本足りうるか(2):非統制的過程を考慮した分析

      第45回日本社会心理学会大会  2004 

      More details

    • 社会的文脈に埋め込まれた謙遜:ダイアド・データを用いた分析

      第44回日本社会心理学会大会  2003 

      More details

    • ネットワークは社会関係資本足りうるか:社会問題に対する知識量評価のジェンダー・バイアス

      第43回日本社会心理学会大会  2002 

      More details

    • ネットワークに抱く合意性幻想が支えるVictim-Blaming:セクハラを例として

      第42回日本社会心理学会大会  2001 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • 対人的情報源を用いた男女の専門勢力格差解消

      第41回日本社会心理学会大会  2000 

      More details

    • 対人環境による規範の維持・変化モデルの検討:争点関心とネットワーク密度からの分析

      第40回日本社会心理学会大会  1999 

      More details

    • 適応エージェントモデルへの全体情報フィードバックの導入(1):LataneらのDynamic Social Impact Modelへの適用

      第39回日本社会心理学会大会  1998 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • なぜ被害者が責任を問われるのか

      第38回日本社会心理学会大会  1997 

      More details

    • Getting to know society through familiar others

      1997 Joint meeting of the 45th conference of the Japanese Group Dynamics Association and the second conference of the Asian Association of Social Psychology  1997 

      More details

      Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      researchmap

    • ソーシャル・ネットワークが性役割意識に与える影響

      第37回日本社会心理学会大会  1996 

      More details

    ▼display all

    Professional Memberships

    •  
      Asian Assciation of Social Psychology

      More details

    •  
      American Psychological Association

      More details

    •  
      日本グループ・ダイナミクス学会

      More details

    •  
      日本数理社会学会

      More details

    •  
      日本社会心理学会

      More details

    Works

    • 第2回都市生活と家族に関する意識調査結果報告書 Other

      石黒格, 野沢慎司, 三田泰雅, 針原素子, 赤枝尚樹, 小林哲郎

      2016

      More details

      Work type:Other  

      調査報告書

      researchmap

    • 東北から東京圏に移動した若者たちの社会関係就業に関する調査研究報告書 2013 Other

      More details

      Work type:Other  

      researchmap

    • 都市に暮らす地方出身の若者の就業状況と地元意識に関する調査研究(李永俊・石黒格・山口恵子) 2009 Other

      More details

      Work type:Other  

      researchmap

    • 仕事・生活とこころの健康に関する調査報告書(李永俊・石黒格) 2008 Other

      More details

      Work type:Other  

      researchmap

    • 若年者の就業状況と意識に関する調査研究報告書(李永俊・石黒格) 2007 Other

      More details

      Work type:Other  

      researchmap

    • 若年者の就業状況と意識に関するアンケート調査報告書(李永俊・石黒格) 2006 Other

      More details

      Work type:Other  

      researchmap

    • 弘前市におけるパーソナル・ネットワーク調査報告書(石黒格・羽渕一代) 2003 Other

      More details

      Work type:Other  

      researchmap

    ▼display all

    Research Projects

    • Enhancing wellbeing through human-dog symbiosis - links with physical, prosocial and social network development.

      Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research 

      More details

      4 2023 - 3 2028

      Grant number:23H05472

      Grant amount:\193830000 ( Direct Cost: \149100000 、 Indirect Cost:\44730000 )

      researchmap

    • Time-series cross-sectional survey regarding social relationships in Japan

      Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research 

      Ishiguro Itaru

      More details

      4 2019 - 3 2022

      Grant number:19H00612

      Grant amount:\22490000 ( Direct Cost: \17300000 、 Indirect Cost:\5190000 )

      In recent decades, social and psychological researchers have discussed whether various social and technical changes, such as the spread of ICT use and changes in family structure, are changing interpersonal relationships. Findings based on empirical data are accumulating in Europe and the United States. In Japan, however, there is little data available to compare contemporary interpersonal relationships with the past, and the available data sets also have several flaws. When compared to Europe and the United States, Japanese researchers suffer the lack of open data to make the comparison. To breakthrough this situation, in early 2022, we conducted a replicated survey of the National Personal Network Survey, which was conducted in early 2005. With this dataset open to all researchers, this research project has developed a foundation for comparing Japanese interpersonal relationships before and after the spread of SNS and smartphones.

      researchmap

    • Changes in Personal Network of Japanese

      Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research 

      Ishiguro Itaru, AKAEDA Naoki, KOBAYASHI Tetsuro

      More details

      4 2013 - 3 2017

      Grant number:25285158

      Grant amount:\13780000 ( Direct Cost: \10600000 、 Indirect Cost:\3180000 )

      It is widely believed that social relationships of Japanese people have changed during past several decades. Some journalistic and academic reports claim that Japanese people have become to be isolated. However we cannot empirically examine these claims because we have few empirical data to do so.
      In 2014, we re-conducted "Survey of attitudes toward urban life and family" which is originally conducted in 1993. Merging the two data, we examine changes in Japanese people's social relationships. The findings are as follows. 1)Japanese married people have the fewer intimate alters (neighbors, colleagues, and relatives) in their neighborhood. 2)Attitudes toward family issues slightly changed. 3)Changes are small and Japanese married people have the same amount of social support resources as the people of 20 years ago.

      researchmap

    • Research for the Reconstruction Plan that considers QOL from the Great East Japan Earthquake Using Social Sciences

      Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research 

      LEE Young-Jun, ATSUMI Tomohide, NAGATA Motohiko, KAWAMURA Shinji, HIBINO Aiko, HIRAI Darou, KOYATA Humihiko, YAMAGUCHI Keiko, II Takayuki, ISHIGURO Itaru, SEKI Yoshihiro, IIJIMA Hirotsugu, HOSOYA Hiroshi, YOSHIMURA Kenshin, SADAIKE Yuki, SUGIURA Hiroaki, YAMORI Kachuya

      More details

      10 2012 - 3 2015

      Grant number:24243056

      Grant amount:\43810000 ( Direct Cost: \33700000 、 Indirect Cost:\10110000 )

      The purpose of this research project is to clarify the role of external volunteers to recover the relationships of local residents and the main factors to recover the resident's sense in disaster area.
      The Great East Japan Earthquake is considered as a wide area disaster. It needed a support not only from the South but also from the North. The Hirosaki city which our University is standing is located in the north of the stricken area. Universities have students and special knowledges. During our volunteer activities, we have heard lot of voices of the local survivors. They wanted to record the old memories. They were willing to know more about others' states and really wanted to be delivered their voices to the local government. Because of this, we did a research process to support volunteers' activity. The research is including life history interview, the survey of resident's sentiment, current situation, and the discovery of the regional resources and advantages.

      researchmap

    • The effect of residential mobility on Japanese youths' interpersonal relationships and social adaptation.

      Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research 

      ISHIGURO Itaru

      More details

      2010 - 2012

      Grant number:22730473

      Grant amount:\3900000 ( Direct Cost: \3000000 、 Indirect Cost:\900000 )

      Japanese youths born in rural areas tend to be forced to move out to urban areas because opportunities of education and employment are disproportionally distributed to urban areas. In the present study, we researched personal networks of Japanese youths who were born in Tohoku area and moved to Syutoken area. The results revealed that the respondents born in Tohoku are and moved to Syutoken area maintain their personal network formed in their homeland after long-distanced movement.

      researchmap

    • General trust and interpersonal relationships

      More details

      2007

      Grant type:Competitive

      researchmap

    • Intranational imigration of Japanese youths and their social psychological and relational adjustment.

      More details

      2005

      Grant type:Competitive

      researchmap

    • 態度・行動におよぼすネットワーク効果における認知・構造の効果の分離

      日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 

      石黒 格

      More details

      2003 - 2004

      Grant number:15683004

      Grant amount:\27950000 ( Direct Cost: \21500000 、 Indirect Cost:\6450000 )

      本年度は研究計画に基づき、前半を15年度に行われた予備調査の分析に当てた。その結果、想定していたとおり、調査地点の都市度、ならびに地域中心部(その地域の中心的都市を含む自治体。本研究では仙台市、高崎市など)との関係によって、社会問題に対する意見の有無や態度の方向性にはっきりとした差があることが確認された。特に東京都心に暮らす人々は、積極的に「意見なし」という選択肢を選ぶ比率の多さも含め、村落部との差異が特徴的であった。
      この検討結果に基づき、調査対象地域の都市度によって回答の有無、態度などに大きな差があった、治安、カラスとゴミの問題、自治体合併の3つの争点について、回答者の居住地域、構築・維持・しているパーソナル・ネットワークが人々の態度の形成(意見の有無)や方向性(賛否)への効果を検討する調査を行った。
      調査は全国の25〜75歳までの有権者2200名を対象に行われた。都市度による差異を検討することが目的だったため、サンプリングは都市度によって層化する手法をとった。すなわち、47都道府県から市町村を抽出する際に、14大市より500名、その他の市より500名、郡部を人口5000人未満、1万人未満、1万人以上の3つのカテゴリに分割し、それぞれから400ずつ、回答者を分配した。人口の少ない自治体から過剰にサンプリングすることで、地域の差を検討することを容易にしたのである。
      15年度調査の分析から明らかになった知見として、ネットワーク指標が十分ではなかった点が上げられる。この点を鑑み、16年度調査では、複数のネットワーク研究者の助言を受け、ネットワーク指標の拡充を行った。15年度調査で用いたネーム・ジェネレータだけでなく、社会関係資本研究で用いられるポジション・ジェネレータを導入しただけでなく、ネットワークのサイズや変動などについても、質問項目を追加した。
      このような試みのため、調査の実施は計画よりも大幅に遅れる結果となった。現在では基礎的な集計の段階であり、本格的な分析は今後の課題となっている。

      researchmap

    • The effects of urbanism on homophily of personal network

      More details

      2004

      Grant type:Competitive

      researchmap

    ▼display all