Updated on 2021/06/22

写真b

 
TSUZUKI Takashi
 
*Items subject to periodic update by Rikkyo University (The rest are reprinted from information registered on researchmap.)
Affiliation*
College of Contemporary Psychology Department of Psychology
Graduate School of Contemporary Psychology Field of Study: Psychology
Graduate School of Contemporary Psychology Field of Study: Psychology
Title*
Professor
Degree
博士(教育心理学) ( 名古屋大学 ) / 教育学修士(教育心理学) ( 名古屋大学 ) / Master of Educational Psychology ( Nagoya University ) / Ph.D. ( Nagoya University )
Contact information
Mail Address
Research Theme*
  • 人間の高次認知過程に関する実験的検討とモデル構成が、主要な研究テーマである。特に、意思決定、言語理解、記憶に関して、実験的検討と、モデル研究を行ってきた。近年は、消費者行動論と関連した多属性-多肢選択意思決定において、文脈変数が選好関係の形成へ及ぼす(合理的ではない)多様なバイアスに焦点を当てている。意思決定プロセスにおける眼球運動、脳波(事象関連電位)や、意思決定の個人差、集団意思決定、電子機器を用いたコミュニケーションにおける心理的要因(情報行動論)などについても研究を行っている。

  • Research Interests
  • 実験心理学

  • 意思決定科学

  • 認知心理学

  • 認知科学

  • 社会心理学

  • Campus Career*
    • 4 2006 - Present 
      Graduate School of Contemporary Psychology   Field of Study: Psychology   Professor
    • 4 2006 - Present 
      Graduate School of Contemporary Psychology   Field of Study: Psychology   Professor
    • 4 2006 - Present 
      College of Contemporary Psychology   Department of Psychology   Professor
    • 4 1998 - 3 2006 
      College of Sociology   Department of Industrial relation   Professor
    • 4 1991 - 3 1998 
      College of Sociology   Department of Industrial relation   Associate Professor (as old post name)
    • 4 1989 - 3 1991 
      College of Sociology   Department of Industrial relation   Lecturer
     

    Research Areas

    • Humanities & Social Sciences / Experimental psychology

    • Humanities & Social Sciences / Cognitive science

    • Humanities & Social Sciences / Social psychology

    Research History

    • 4 2006 - Present 
      RIKKYO UNIVERSITY   Graduate School of Contemporary Psychology Field of Study: Psychology   Professor

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    • 4 2006 - Present 
      RIKKYO UNIVERSITY   College of Contemporary Psychology Department of Psychology   Professor

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    • 4 2012 - 3 2014 
      RIKKYO UNIVERSITY   Graduate School of Contemporary Psychology Field of Study: Psychology   Latter Term Chief

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    • 1 2012 
      Department of Psychology and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington   Researcher

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    • 3 2011 - 5 2011 
      Department of Psychology, Stanford University   Researcher

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    • 4 2009 - 3 2011 
      RIKKYO UNIVERSITY   Graduate School of Contemporary Psychology Field of Study: Psychology   The First Term Chief

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    • 4 1998 - 3 2006 
      RIKKYO UNIVERSITY   College of Sociology Department of Industrial relation   Professor

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    • 9 2003 - 2 2004 
      米国 カリフォルニア大学ロサンジェルス校 心理学部   客員研究員

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    • 4 2001 - 3 2003 
      RIKKYO UNIVERSITY   College of Sociology   Chairman

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    • 4 1991 - 3 1998 
      RIKKYO UNIVERSITY   College of Sociology Department of Industrial relation   Associate Professor (as old post name)

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    • 9 1996 - 9 1997 
      米国 カリフォルニア大学サンタクルーズ校 心理学部   客員研究員

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    • 4 1989 - 3 1991 
      RIKKYO UNIVERSITY   College of Sociology Department of Industrial relation   Lecturer

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    • 4 1988 - 3 1989 
      Nagoya University   School of Education

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    Education

    • 9 1986 - 8 1987 
      カリフォルニア大学ロサンジェルス校大学院

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    • - 3 1987 
      Nagoya University   Graduate School, Division of Education

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      Country: Japan

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    • - 3 1982 
      Nagoya University   Faculty of Education

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      Country: Japan

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    Committee Memberships

    • 4 2013 - Present 
      日本認知心理学会   独創賞委員

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      Committee type:Academic society

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    • 4 2004 - Present 
      独立行政法人・日本学術振興会   特別研究員審査会専門委員

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      Committee type:Academic society

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    • 4 2017 - 3 2019 
      日本認知科学会   監査委員

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      Committee type:Academic society

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    • 4 2013 - 3 2017 
      日本認知科学会   編集委員

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      Committee type:Academic society

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    • 4 2013 - 3 2017 
      日本認知心理学会   編集委員

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      Committee type:Academic society

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    • 4 2012 - 3 2013 
      日本認知科学会   選挙管理委員長

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      Committee type:Academic society

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    • 7 2008 - 7 2009 
      日本認知心理学会   大会準備委員長

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      Committee type:Academic society

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    • 1 2001 - 1 2005 
      日本認知科学会   編集委員

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      Committee type:Academic society

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    • 1 1999 - 1 2001 
      日本教育心理学会   常任編集委員

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      Committee type:Academic society

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    • 1 1999 - 1 2001 
      日本認知科学会   運営委員

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      Committee type:Academic society

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    • 1 1996 - 1 1998 
      日本認知科学会   編集委員

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      Committee type:Academic society

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    Awards

    • 9 2015  
      日本認知学会  日本認知科学会奨励論文賞  多属性意思決定における妥協効果と魅力効果の生起機序に関する包括的分析:生理学的指標と眼球運動測定に基づく実験的検討
       
      千葉元気, 都築誉史

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      Award type:Award from Japanese society, conference, symposium, etc.  Country:Japan

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    Papers

    • Influence of divided attention on the attraction effect in multialternative choice Peer-reviewed International journal

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Yuji Takeda, Itsuki Chiba

      Judgment and Decision Making16 ( 3 ) 729 - 742   31 5 2021

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      Authorship:Lead author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Society for Judgment and Decision Making  

      The attraction effect in multialternative decision making reflects the context dependent violation of rational choice axioms. This study examined the effect of concurrent divided attention in three-alternative visual choice tasks. The concurrent divided attention task is considered to consume the mental resources available for the choice task. There were three conditions: (a) the task-relevant condition, in which the auditory task should consume resources across multiple levels; (b) the task-irrelevant condition, in which the auditory stimuli should consume perceptual resources; (c) and the control condition, in which the resources should not be consumed by auditory stimuli. Thirty-three participants solved 24 hypothetical purchase problems with three alternatives that differed in terms of two attributes. The results indicated that the choice proportion of the target was significantly higher in the task-relevant condition than in the task-irrelevant and control conditions, thereby suggesting that a reduction in cognitive (and/or response) resources is critical for the attraction effect.
      Keywords: attraction effect, multialternative choice, divided attention, mental resources

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      Other Link: http://journal.sjdm.org/20/200422a/jdm200422a.pdf

    • Judgement and decision making Invited Peer-reviewed

      Takashi Tsuzuki

      Advances in child psychology59   52 - 82   6 2020

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      Authorship:Lead author   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

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    • Effortful processing reduces the attraction effect in multi-alternative decision making: An electrophysiological study using a task-irrelevant probe technique Peer-reviewed

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Yuji Takeda, Itsuki Chiba

      Frontiers in Psychology10 ( Article 896 ) 1 - 9   24 4 2019

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      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Frontiers  

      The attraction effect in multi-alternative decision making reflects the context-dependent violation of axioms that are considered fundamental to rational choice. This effect is believed to depend on relatively effortless and intuitive processing (System 1) rather than on effortful and elaborative processing (System 2). To investigate the relationship between cognitive resources and the attraction effect in detail, we used a task-irrelevant probe technique, wherein task-irrelevant auditory probes were presented while participants viewed each alternative in a decision-making task, and measured the electroencephalographic responses to the probes. Thirty participants solved 48 hypothetical purchase problems with three alternatives that differed in terms of two attributes. We found that, in the second epoch of the experimental trials (possibly corresponding to the evaluation and comparison stage), the mean N1 amplitudes of the event-related potentials elicited by the auditory probes were significantly smaller when participants chose the competitor (i.e., trials in which no attraction effect occurred) than when participants chose the target (i.e., trials in which an attraction effect may have occurred). This result suggests that the allocation of more cognitive resources to the alternatives disrupts the attraction effect. This finding supports the assumption that intuitive comparisons among alternatives executed by System 1 are critical for the occurrence of the attraction effect.

      DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00896

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    • A neural network model in the phantom option on three-options two-attributes decision task Peer-reviewed

      Masashi Soma, Takashi Tsuzuki

      Rikkyo Psychological Research60   87 - 98   31 3 2018

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)   Publisher:Department of Psychology, College of Contemporary Psychology, Rikkyo University  

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    • Introduction to the future: Cognitive science of judgment and decision making

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Ken Matsuda

      Cognitive Studies22 ( 4 ) 308 - 314   1 9 2015

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:The Japanese Cognitive Science Society  

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    • Effects of consideration strategies on judgments in moral dilemmas Peer-reviewed

      Masashi Soma, Takashi Tsuzuki

      Rikkyo Psychological Research57   51 - 61   31 3 2015

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)   Publisher:Department of Psychology, College of Contemporary Psychology, Rikkyo University  

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    • Comprehensive analysis of the occurrence mechanisms of the compromise effect and attraction effect in multi-attribute decision making: An experimental examination using a physiological index and eye tracking Peer-reviewed

      Itsuki Chiba, Takashi Tsuzuki

      Cognitive Studies21 ( 4 ) 451 - 467   1 12 2014

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:The Japanese Cognitive Science Society  

      In multi-attribute decision making, the presence of the attraction effect or compromise effect is considered a form of irrational choice because these effects violate the principles of rational choice. These two context effects are similar in that they increase the choice share of a particular option, but the mechanisms by which they occur are believed to differ, owing to the different trade-off structures of the choice sets concerned. Previous studies have indicated that negative emotions and the strategies employed in decision making differ between the two context effects and that these effects correspond to Systems 1 and 2 of the dual process theory. In this study, focusing on trade-offs, we examined the mechanisms by which these two context effects occur, by experimentally manipulating cognitive resources and measuring negative emotion and eye movement in decision making. We attempted to increase and decrease these resources by using a glucose drink and a cognitive depletion task, respectively. Results showed that the attraction effect increased and the compromise effect decreased in subjects with depleted cognitive resources compared to subjects with restored cognitive resources. Negative emotions were strongly aroused in the compromise effect. Eye tracking data showed that a non-compensatory decision strategy was used in the attraction effect context and that a compensatory decision strategy was used in the compromise effect. These findings suggest that reasoning systems and decision strategies are directed by differences in the trade-off structure of the choice sets, which ultimately lead to the occurrence of the above two context effects.

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    • Recent trends in research on decision making with respect to debiasing Peer-reviewed

        56   45 - 58   31 3 2014

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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    • A time-series eye-tracking analysis of attraction and compromise effects in multi-attribute decision making Peer-reviewed

      The Japanese Journal of Cognitive Psychology11 ( 2 ) 81 - 96   28 2 2014

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    • Mismatch between interpretation of intention and results in multi-attribute decision making : The choice blindness paradigm and decision making by bounded rationality Peer-reviewed

      Yuichi Hashimoto, Takashi Tsuzuki

      Rikkyo Psychological Research55   45 - 54   31 3 2013

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)   Publisher:Department of Psychology, Rikkyo University  

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    • Recent trends in research on decision making with respect to the moral dilemma problem Peer-reviewed

      Masashi Soma, Takashi Tsuzuki

      Rikkyo Psychological Research55   67 - 78   31 3 2013

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)   Publisher:Department of Psychology, Rikkyo University  

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    • Recent trends in research on decision strategies and process tracing methods for decision making Peer-reviewed

      Itsuki Chiba, Takashi Tsuzuki

      Rikkyo Psychological Research55   33 - 44   31 3 2013

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)   Publisher:Department of Psychology, Rikkyo University  

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    • Trends of decision-making research in medical domains Peer-reviewed

      Manabu Kikuchi, Takashi Tsuzuki

      Rikkyo Psychological Research55   55 - 66   31 3 2013

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)   Publisher:Department of Psychology, Rikkyo University  

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    • A multi-measure analysis of the similarity, attraction, and compromise effects in multi-attribute decision making Peer-reviewed

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Hiroshi Matsui, Manabu Kikuchi

      Shinrigaku Kenkyu83 ( 5 ) 398 - 408   12 2012

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:The Japanese Psychological Association  

      In multi-attribute decision making, the similarity, attraction, and compromise effects warrant specific investigation as they cause violations of principles in rational choice. In order to investigate these three effects simultaneously, we assigned 145 undergraduates to three context effect conditions. We requested them to solve the same 20 hypothetical purchase problems, each of which had three alternatives described along two attributes. We measured their choices, confidence ratings, and response times. We found that manipulating the third alternative had significant context effects for choice proportions and confidence ratings in all three conditions. Furthermore, the attraction effect was the most prominent with regard to choice proportions. In the compromise effect condition, although the choice proportion of the third alternative was high, the confidence rating was low and the response time was long. These results indicate that the relationship between choice proportions and confidence ratings requires further theoretical investigation. They also suggest that a combination of experimental and modeling studies is imperative to reveal the mechanisms underlying the context effects in multi-attribute, multi-alternative decision making.

      DOI: 10.4992/jjpsy.83.398

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      Other Link: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jjpsy/83/5/83_398/_pdf

    • A multi-measure analysis of context effects in multi-attribute decision making: Examining the similarity, attraction, and compromise effects. Peer-reviewed

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Jerome R. Busemeyer

      Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society34   1054 - 1059   1 8 2012

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      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (international conference proceedings)   Publisher:The Cognitive Science Society  

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    • The construction, reliability and validity of a Japanese Personal Fear of Invalidity Scale for measuring decision-making style Peer-reviewed

      Manabu Kikuchi, Takashi Tsuzuki, Itsuki Chiba

      Rikkyo Psychological Research54   35 - 42   31 3 2012

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)   Publisher:Department of Psychology, Rikkyo University  

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    • Trends in studying context effects on multi-attribute, multi-choice decision making and dual process theory : The relationship with self-control and cognitive resources Peer-reviewed

      Itsuki Chiba, Takashi Tsuzuki

      Rikkyo Psychological Research54   59 - 66   31 3 2012

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    • New trends in computational modeling studies of higher-level cognitive processes Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi, KIKUCHI Manabu

      Rikkyo Psychological Research52   33 - 47   3 2010

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    • Measurement of decision-making style using the maximization and regret scale: Validity of the maximization and regret scale and relationship between maximization and self-consciousness scales

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      Journal of Applied Sociology50   93 - 104   3 2008

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    • The organization of the orthographic, semantic and syntactic features of ambiguous Japanese words in the mental lexicon: Application of asymmetric MDS, INDSCAL and INDCLUS to analyze the associational responses Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      Rikkyo Psychological Research50   57 - 65   3 2008

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    • フレーミングによる漸進的/急進的な意思決定に関する実験的検討

      松井博史, 都築誉史

      立教大学社会学部 応用社会学研究48   205 - 211   3 2006

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    • An exploratory analysis of referential attributes of products in purchase decision making

      TSUZUKI Takashi, MATSUI Hiroshi, KIMURA Yasuyuki

      The Journal of Applied Sociology48   37 - 52   3 2006

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    • New trends in modeling studies on context effects in multiattribute decision making Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi, MATSUI Hiroshi

      Rikkyo Psychological Research48   69 - 79   3 2006

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    • メディアコミュニケーションにおけるメディア意識と対人意識に関する分析―携帯電話,携帯メール,電子メール条件の比較― Peer-reviewed

      都築誉史, 木村泰之, 松井博史

      立教大学文学部 立教大学心理学研究47   25 - 34   3 2005

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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    • A Stochastic Comparison-Grouping Model of Multialternative Choice: Explaining Decoy Effects Peer-reviewed

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Frank Y. Guo

      PROCEEDINGS OF THE TWENTY-SIXTH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE COGNITIVE SCIENCE SOCIETY   1351 - 1356   2004

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      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (international conference proceedings)   Publisher:LAWRENCE ERLBAUM ASSOC PUBL  

      Based on Guo and Holyoak's (2002a, 2002b) work, we propose a stochastic comparison-grouping theory of multialternative decision making to explain three context-induced violations of rational choice. The attraction effect and the similarity effect are explained by stochastic comparison grouping, according to which similar alternatives are compared more frequently than dissimilar alternatives are. The compromise effect is explained by the assumption that attribute values are perceived according to a basic psychophysical function, in addition to the comparison grouping mechanism. Furthermore, this model explains individual differences in choice by assuming interpersonal differences in pre-existing attitude toward products.

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    • Effects of syntactic information on semantic access of ambiguous verbs in spoken language comprehension: Evidence from a cross-modal priming experiment Peer-reviewed

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Teruhisa Uchida, Ryoji Yukihiro, Masaki Hisano, Kazuyo Tsuzuki

      Japanese Psychological Research46 ( 1 ) 31 - 43   2004

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      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Blackwell Publishing Ltd  

      The aim of this study was to examine how syntactic information affects the semantic processing of ambiguous verbs in spoken Japanese. The effect of a postpositional particle on semantic access of an ambiguous verb at the end of the sentence was demonstrated in two kinds of sentences, S-ga-V sentences (subject, subjective postpositional particle, and ambiguous verb) and O-wo-V sentences (object, objective postpositional particle, and ambiguous verb). A cross-modal priming method was used in which a target noun was presented visually in Kanji (Chinese) characters either one syllable before the end or immediately after the end of the ambiguous verb. Weak multiple priming occurred in the one-syllable-before condition, followed by selective access in the immediately after condition, but this multiple access was partially constrained by the preceding postpositional particle. A brief occurrence of multiple access and rapid transition to selective access were detected. Furthermore, objective particles were found to have stronger constraints on multiple access than on subjective particles, A connectionist model using a constraint-based lexical approach was consistent with the experimental results.

      DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-5884.2004.00234.x

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    • A connectionist model of group decision making and communication mode: Comparison between computer-mediated versus face-to-face communication Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi, YUKIHIRO Ryoji, KIMURA Yasuyuki

      Proceedings of the Joint International Conference on Cognitive Science (ICCS/ASCS-2003)   7 2003

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    • Connectionist models and higher-level cognitive processes

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      Technical Report of Japanese Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers (Neuro computing)101 ( 615 ) 1 - 8   12 2002

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    • Cognitive science and connectionist models Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi, ASAKAWA Shinichi

      Cognitive Studies10   2 - 8   4 2002

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    • Connectionist modeling of human memory processes Invited Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      Japanese Journal of Psychonomic Science20   169 - 174   3 2002

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    • Connectionist modeling of higher-level cognitive processes

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Tetsuo Kawahara, Takashi Kusumi

      Shinrigaku Kenkyu72 ( 6 ) 541 - 555   2002

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Japanese Psychological Association  

      Connectionist modeling is one approach to understanding human intelligence using simulated networks of neuron-like processing units. In this article, we report on recent progress in connectionist models that simulate empirical data of higher-level cognitive processes, these being memory, learning, language, thinking, cognitive development, and social cognition. We also review and summarize the advantages and disadvantages of these connectionist models. The computational framework of connectionist modeling has the potential to integrate specialized psychological findings of different areas using the same architectures and local functions of units and connections, inspired from neuroscience. In particular, the problems of dealing with structured information in distributed form, and doing tasks that require variable binding in connectionist networks are discussed from several different perspectives. As one possible solution to treat systematic mental representations properly, the symbolic connectionist model, which is a hybrid approach using symbolic representations and connectionist architectures, is explained. We argue that connectionist computer simulation offers significant benefits for today's psychological researches, and that connectionist modeling is likely to have an important influence on future studies.

      DOI: 10.4992/jjpsy.72.541

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    • Connectionism Invited Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      Cognitive Studies8   225 - 238   9 2001

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

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    • Analyses of psychological factors of mediated communication in undergraduate students: Comparison of face-to-face, cell phone, email via cell phone, email via personal computer conditions

      TSUZUKI Takashi, KIMURA Yasuyuki

      Journal of Applied Sociology42   15 - 24   3 2000

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    • Overview of models on word pronunciation: Dual-route models, analogy models, and parallel distributed processing models. Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      Rikkyo Psychological Research42   21 - 30   3 2000

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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    • Effects of postpositional particles on semantic processing of homophonic transitive and intransitive verbs using a cross-modal priming method: Empirical data and a parallel distributed processing account. Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi, UCHIDA Teruhisa, KAWAMOTO Alan, H, YUKIHIRO Ryoji, HISANO Masashi, TSUZUKI Kazuyo

      Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of the Cognitive Science   1034 - 1037   4 1999

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    • A parallel distributed processing model of Lexi-cal ambiguity resolution : The theoretical Integration of empirical data for processing ambiguous Japanese words presented with contexts Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi, KAWAMTO H. Alan, YUKIHIRO Ryoji

      Cognitive Studies6   91 - 104   3 1999

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    • Phonemic level analyses of naming data: Problems of measuring naming latencies in cognitive psychology.

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      Journal of Applied Sociology41   51 - 57   3 1999

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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    • Group Decision Making and Communication Mode : An Experimental Social Psychological Examination of the Differences between the Computer-mediated Communication and the Face-to-face Communication.

      KIMURA Yasuyuki, TSUZUKI Takashi

      The Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology38   183 - 192   12 1998

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (other academic)  

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    • Network models of memory representations and language processing in cognitive psychology : Semantic networks, network representations of sentences, and parallel distributed processing.

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      The Journal of Applied Sociology40   27 - 44   3 1998

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    • Effects of syntactic information on semantic access of ambiguous verbs in comprehending an auditorily presented sentence. Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      Abstract of the 8th International Conference on Cognitive Processing of Asian Languages & Symposium on Brain, Cognition, and Communication   92 - 92   4 1997

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    • Effects of syntactic information on ambiguous Japanese verbs in sentence comprehension using a cross-modal priming task

      T Tsuzuki

      PROCEEDINGS OF THE NINETEENTH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE COGNITIVE SCIENCE SOCIETY   1071 - 1071   1997

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      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (international conference proceedings)   Publisher:LAWRENCE ERLBAUM ASSOC PUBL  

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    • A connectionist model of lexical ambiguity resolution in sentence comprehension. Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      Japanese Psychological Review39   273 - 294   12 1996

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    • An analysis of the semantic and syntactic features of polysemous verbs in the mental lexicon using INDSCAL and INDCLUS Peer-reviewed

      TSUZUKI Takashi, OKADA Akinori

      Abstract of 5th Conference of International Federation of Classification Societies   91-94   4 1996

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    • Semantic Differential Analyses of psychological factors in use of personal computers

      TSUZUKI Takashi, OKADA Akinori

      The Journal of Applied Sociology37   1 - 10   3 1995

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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    • 言語処理における記憶表象の活性化・抑制過程に関する研究―文の再認記憶と語彙的理解に関するコンピュータ・シミュレーションと実験的検討― Peer-reviewed

      都築誉史

          1 12 1994

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    • EFFECTS OF CONTEXT-DEPENDENT AND CONTEXT-INDEPENDENT ASSOCIATIVE STRENGTH BETWEEN PRIME AND TARGET WORDS ON THE PROCESSING OF LEXICAL AMBIGUITY Peer-reviewed

      T TSUZUKI

      JAPANESE JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY64 ( 3 ) 191 - 198   8 1993

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPANESE PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC  

      The time course of lexical ambiguity resolution was investigated using the phonological priming paradigm between polysemous phonogramic Kana words (primes) and compound ideogramic Kanji words (targets) in Japanese. Subjects made the lexical decision under rapid serial visual presentation of sentence contexts, primes, and targets. In Experiment 1, the context-dependent associative strength of target words and prime-target stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs) were manipulated. At 300-ms SOA, results of reaction time showed facilitation effect for both contextually appropriate and inappropriate target words. At 500-ms SOA, while the facilitation of reaction time held for contextually appropriate targets, this effect was not obtained for contextually inappropriate targets. In Experiment 2, the context-independent associative strength was manipulated in addition to the two variables of Experiment 1. Results of reaction time replicated the multiple access at short SOA and the context-dependent selective access at long SOA. The results of error rates indicated a greater context-independent facilitation effect at 300-ms SOA than at 500-ms SOA. These findings provide evidence in support of the transition from multiple access, which is influenced by context-independent associative strength, to context-dependent access in the process of resolving lexical ambiguity.

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    • Connectionist models of lexical ambiguity resolution in natural language understanding.

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      The Journal of Applied Sociology35   89 - 101   3 1993

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    • Retrieval processes in associative memory (2) : Norms of retrieval variability for forty eight homophones with Japanese context.

      SAITO Hirofumi, TSUZUKI Takashi

      Research Bulletin, the College of General Education, Nagoya University35   49 - 80   3 1991

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    • The context effect for the semantic disambiguation process of homophones

      都築誉史

      立教大学社会学部 応用社会学研究33   223 - 231   3 1991

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    • A cognitive science approach to natural language processing.

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      The Journal of Applied Sociology32   9 - 17   3 1990

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    • Retrieval processes in associative memory: Norms of retrieval variability for forty eight homophones.

      SAITO Hirofumi, TSUZUKI Takashi

      Research Bulletin, the College of General Education, Nagoya University33   69 - 106   3 1989

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    • Spreading activation theories in sentence memory,sentence comprehension,and speech production.

      都築誉史

      名古屋大学教育学部紀要35   67 - 84   3 1988

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    • EFFECTS OF VERBATIM INFORMATION ON RECOGNITION OF S-O-V SENTENCES UNDER INCIDENTAL-LEARNING Peer-reviewed

      T TSUZUKI

      JAPANESE JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY58 ( 3 ) 151 - 157   8 1987

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      Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN PSYCHOL ASSOC  

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    • Effects of levels-of-processing on retention of target and nontarget words in a selective attention task Peer-reviewed

      Takashi Tsuzuki

      Shinrigaku Kenkyu56 ( 6 ) 328 - 334   1986

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      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

      Effects of levels-of-processing on retention of visually presented target and nontarget letter words were studied in relation to the amount of processing resources expended on the attended task. Attention was directed to targets by the shadowing. Targets and nontargets were distinguished by sensorial or semantic attributes. Processing resources expended were measured by reaction time at an auditory signal during the shadowing. Experiment I. with 20 subjects, showed that recall rate of targets and nontargets was higher and the expended resources were greater, in semantic than in sensorial processing. However, in Experiment ‡U, with 48 subjects, the task difficulty was balanced with respect to shadowing errors and the expended resources were found no more different with different levels-of-processing, while d' measures of targets and nontargets were greater in semantic than in sensorial condition. It was concluded that the effects of levels of-processing depended not on the resources expended, but on discriminative attributes. © 1986, The Japanese Psychological Association. All rights reserved.

      DOI: 10.4992/jjpsy.56.328

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    • A computer simulation for the network activation theory of sentence memory.

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Nagoya University32   21 - 47   3 1985

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    • 文記憶のネットワーク活性化モデルに関するコンピュータ・シミュレーションと実験的検討 Peer-reviewed

      都築誉史

          31 3 1984

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    Misc.

    • Influences of social distance and accountability in multi-alternative decision making

      Manabu Kikuchi, Takashi Tsuzuki

      INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY51   350 - 350   7 2016

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      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper, summary (international conference)   Publisher:ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD  

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    • Phantom effect in dynamical models of multialternative choice

      Masashi Soma, Tsuzuki Takashi, Chiba Itsuki

      INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY51   352 - 353   7 2016

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      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper, summary (international conference)   Publisher:ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD  

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    • The impact of simultaneous presentation of plural prisoner's dilemma games on the cooperation rate and its prediction

      Hiroki Kawai, Takashi Tsuzuki, Itsuki Chiba

      INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY51   173 - 173   7 2016

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      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper, summary (international conference)   Publisher:ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD  

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    • An eye-tracking analysis of context effects in multi-attribute, multi-alternative decision making: Examining the attraction effect and the compromise effect

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Toshiyuki Shirai, Akira Ohta, Hiroshi Matsui, Motoyasu Honma

      INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY43 ( 3-4 ) 163 - 163   6 2008

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      Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper, summary (international conference)   Publisher:PSYCHOLOGY PRESS  

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    Books and Other Publications

    • 臨床心理学スタンダードテキスト

      都築誉史( Role: Contributor)

      金剛出版  2021 

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    • ICT・情報行動心理学

      都築 誉史, 松尾 太加志, 藤 桂, 坂元 章, 竹中 毅( Role: Edit)

      北大路書房  10 5 2017  ( ISBN:9784762829642

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Scholarly book

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    • 誠信 心理学辞典 [新版]

      下山 晴彦( Role: Contributor)

      誠信書房  3 9 2014  ( ISBN:4414305071

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Dictionary, encyclopedia

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    • 認知心理学ハンドブック

      日本認知心理学会( Role: Contributor)

      有斐閣  20 12 2013  ( ISBN:9784641184169

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Scholarly book

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    • Thinking and Language

      Takashi Tsuzuki( Role: Joint author)

      Kitaoji-Shobo  20 7 2010  ( ISBN:9784762827198

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Scholarly book

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    • Cognitive Psychology: Brain, Modeling and Evidence

      Yuji Hakoda, Takashi Tsuzuki, Hideaki Kawabata, Shigeru Hagiwara( Role: Joint author)

      Yuhikaku  5 7 2010  ( ISBN:9784641053748

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Textbook, survey, introduction

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    • 心理学総合事典

      都築 誉史( Role: Sole author)

      朝倉書店  6 2006 

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Dictionary, encyclopedia

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    • 人工知能学事典

      都築 誉史( Role: Sole author)

      共立出版  12 2005 

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Dictionary, encyclopedia

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    • Connectionist modeling of higher-level cognitive functions: Neural networks and symbolic connectionism

      ( Role: Joint editor)

      7 2005 

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Scholarly book

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    • 心理学実験マニュアル-SPSSの使い方からレポートへの記述まで-

      若島孔文, 都築誉史, 松井博史( Role: Joint editor)

      北樹出版  4 2005 

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Textbook, survey, introduction

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    • 新・心理学の基礎知識

      都築 誉史( Role: Sole author)

      有斐閣  1 2005 

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    • Perspectives of cognitive science: Ten points of view from psychology

      ( Role: Edit)

      6 2002 

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Scholarly book

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    • Connectionist Models and Psychology : Understanding mind by simulating human brains

      ( Role: Joint editor)

      6 2001 

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Scholarly book

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    • Encyclopedia of modern psychological theories

      ( Role: Joint author)

      4 2001 

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Dictionary, encyclopedia

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    • 認知研究の技法

      都築 誉史( Role: Sole author)

      福村出版  2 1999 

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Scholarly book

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    • The activation and inhibition process of memory representation in human language processing

      ( Role: Sole author)

      2 1997 

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Scholarly book

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    • Statistical methods for data analysis

      ( Role: Joint author)

      10 1995 

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Textbook, survey, introduction

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    • 教育心理学用語辞典

      都築誉史( Role: Sole author)

      学文社  4 1994 

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Dictionary, encyclopedia

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    • Introduction to Information Processing for Economics and Sociology

      ( Role: Sole author)

      4 1994 

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      Language:Japanese Book type:Other

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    • 新社会学辞典

      都築誉史( Role: Sole author)

      有斐閣  4 1993 

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    Presentations

    • 多肢選択意思決定における最終決定に基づいた魅力効果と妥協効果の時系列サッカード分析

      都築誉史, 千葉元気

      日本心理学会第 84 回大会  2020 

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      Event date: 2020

      Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

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    • A time-series saccades analysis of the attraction and compromise effects based on the final decision in multi-alternative decision making. International conference

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Itsuki Chiba

      Subjective Probability, Utility, and Decision Making (SPUDM) 2019  18 8 2019  The European Association for Decision Making

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Amsterdam, Netherlands  

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    • Awareness of emotional stimuli in a video: Suppressed memory of the video. International conference

      Daisuke Shimane, Takashi Tsuzuki, Yuji Itoh

      Annual Conference of the European Association of Psychology and Law (EAPL) 2019  17 7 2019  The European Association of Psychology and Law (EAPL)

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Santiago de Compostela, Spain  

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    • A time-series eye-tracking analysis of the attraction and compromise effects separated by the final decision in multi-alternative choice International conference

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Itsuki Chiba

      The 39th Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  17 11 2018  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:New Orleans, USA  

      Two much-studied findings regarding context-dependent choice effects, the attraction and compromise effects, warrant specific attention since they constitute violations of axioms fundamental to rational choice. The present study addresses these effects collectively because of their important shared commonalities.
      These effects occur when a third alternative (decoy) is added to a two-alternative choice set. This study examines the effects in a two-attribute form (see Figure 1). The alternatives, namely the target and the competitor, constitute the core set, and choosing one or the other requires a trade-off.
      When the decoy is added to this core set, if it is inferior to the target on all attributes, the choice probability of the target should increase relative to that of the competitor. This is called the attraction effect. When the decoy is set to an extreme, such that the target’s position becomes intermediate between the decoy and the competitor, the target should be chosen most often. This is called the compromise effect.
      To investigate the underlying mechanism of these two context effects concurrently, we examined participants’ information acquisition while recording their eye movements (eye fixation times; Tsuzuki, Chiba, & Soma, 2014). To further examine the occurrence mechanism of the two context effects in multi-alternative choice, we reanalyzed the information search patterns of participants’ eye-tracking data in detail, distinguished by their final decisions (target or competitor).

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    • Influence of cognitive resource allocation on the attraction effect in multi-alternative decision making: An experimental study using a dual-task paradigm International conference

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Yuji Takeda, Itsuki Chiba

      The 59th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society  15 11 2018  The Psychonomic Society

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:New Orleans, USA  

      Studies of the attraction effect usually utilize a three-alternative (target, competitor, and decoy) decision-making task in which each alternative has two attributes (Tsuzuki & Busemeyer, 2012; Tsuzuki & Guo, 2004). When the decoy attributes are slightly inferior to those of the target, the choice probability of the target increases compared to that of the competitor. The attraction effect in multi-alternative decision making reflects the context-dependent violation of axioms that are considered fundamental to rational choice. This effect is believed to depend on relatively effortless and intuitive processing (System 1 of the dual-process theory) rather than on effortful and elaborative processing (System 2). In our previous study (Tsuzuki, Takeda, & Chiba, 2016) that investigated the relationship between cognitive resources and the attraction effect in detail, we used a task-irrelevant probe technique (Takeda & Kimura, 2014) and measured the electroencephalographic (EEG) responses to the probes. We found that the mean N1 amplitudes of the event-related potentials (ERPs) elicited by the auditory probes were significantly larger when participants chose the target than when they chose the competitor. In this study, to confirm the a priori assumption of the previous experiment, we performed an additional experiment without measuring ERPs to examine the competition between a visual three-alternative decision-making task and an auditory oddball task (i.e., the detection of a target). We examined whether or not the choice proportion of the target (i.e., the strength of the attraction effect) was influenced by performing an auditory oddball task. Because the auditory oddball task should consume the cognitive resources, it was predicted that the attraction effect would increase when the participants performed the visual decision-making task concurrently with the auditory oddball task compared with when the participants performed only the visual decision-making task and ignored the auditory stimuli.

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    • Examination of the influence of structural incongruity on humor processing by measuring event-related potential International conference

      Uta Seshita, Takashi Tsuzuki

      The 38th Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  10 11 2017  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

      Venue:Vancouver, Canada  

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    • A time-series eye-fixation analysis of the similarity-compromise effect International conference

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Itsuki Chiba

      The 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society  26 7 2017  The Cognitive Science Society

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:London, UK  

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    • An examination of the correlation between sense of humor and fantasy proneness International conference

      Uta Seshita, Takashi Tsuzuki

      The 37th Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  18 11 2016  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Venue:Boston, USA  

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    • Effortful processing reduces the attraction effect in multi-alternative decision making: An electrophysiological study using a task-irrelevant probe technique International conference

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Yuji Takeda, Itsuki Chiba

      The 57th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society  17 11 2016  The Psychonomic Society

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      Venue:Boston, USA  

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    • Influences of social distance and accountability in multi-alternative decision making International conference

      Manabu Kikuchi, Takashi Tsuzuki

      The 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP2016)  24 7 2016 

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Yokohama, Japan  

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    • Phantom effect in dynamical models of multialternative choice International conference

      Masashi Soma, Takashi Tsuzuki, Itsuki Chiba

      The 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP2016)  24 7 2016 

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      Venue:Yokohama, Japan  

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    • The impact of simultaneous presentation of plural prisoner's dilemma games on the cooperation rate and its prediction International conference

      Hiroki Kawai, Takashi Tsuzuki, Itsuki Chiba

      The 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP2016)  24 7 2016 

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

      Venue:Yokohama, Japan  

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    • A time-series attribute-and-alternative-wise saccades analysis of the attraction and compromise effects in multi-alternative decision making International conference

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Itsuki Chiba

      The 36th Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  20 11 2015  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Chicago, USA  

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    • Eye-tracking analysis of compromise and attraction effects in perceptual decision making International conference

      Itsuki Chiba, Takashi Tsuzuki, Shuichi Hashiguchi

      The 36th Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  20 11 2015  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Venue:Chicago, USA  

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    • Factors affecting communication style preferences: SNS versus face-to face and individual versus group International conference

      Ohkawa Tatsuya, Takashi Tsuzuki

      The 36th Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  20 11 2015  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Venue:Chicago, USA  

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    • Context effects in multi-alternative decision making and the Nl amplitude elicited by task irrelevant auditory probes International conference

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Yuji Takeda, Itsuki Chiba

      The 55th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society  19 11 2015  The Psychonomic Society

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      Venue:Chicago, USA  

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    • Eye-tracking analysis of decision strategies involved in the context effects in perceptual decision making International conference

      Itsuki Chiba, Takashi Tsuzuki, Masashi Soma

      The 35th Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  21 11 2014 

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    • The effect of time pressure and ego depletion on moral judgment in the moral dilemma International conference

      Masashi Soma, Takashi Tsuzuki, Itsuki Chiba

      The 35th Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  21 11 2014 

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    • The influence of time pressure on the phantom effect in multi-attribute decision making International conference

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Itsuki Chiba, Masashi Soma

      Society for Judgment and Decision Making, the 35th Annual Conference  21 11 2014 

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    • A time-series eye-fixation analysis of the similarity, attraction, and compromise effects in multi-attribute decision making International conference

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Itsuki Chiba, Masashi Soma

      The 55th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Socirty  20 11 2014  The Psychonomic Socirty

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      Venue:Long Beach, California, USA  

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    • The effect of emotional state on encoding of memory for recognition human faces with different facial expressions International conference

      Shuichi Hashiguchi, Motoyasu Honma, Takashi Tsuzuki

      The 55th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society  20 11 2014 

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    • An eye tracking and verbal protocol analysis of decision strategies in context effects of multi-attribute decision making International conference

      Itsuki Chiba, Takashi Tsuzuki, Masashi Soma

      The 34th Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  15 11 2013 

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      Venue:Toronto  

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    • The effect of time pressure on group polarization and the first advocacy effect in group decision making International conference

      Tsuzuki, T, Kikuchi, M, Chiba, I

      Society for Judgment and Decision Making, The 34th Annual Conference  15 11 2013  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Venue:Toronto, Canada  

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    • A time-series eye-tracking analysis of context effects in multi-attribute decision making International conference

      Tsuzuki T, Honma, M

      54th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society  14 11 2013  The Psychonomic Society

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      Venue:Toronto, Canada  

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    • Differences between maximizers and satisficers in regret and counterfactual thinking during repeated versus switching decisions International conference

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Manabu Kikuchi, Itsuki Chiba

      The 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society  31 7 2013 

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Berlin  

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    • The construal level theory and the dual process theory in multi-attribute decision making: An empirical examination International conference

      Itsuki Chiba, Takashi Tsuzuki, Manabu Kikuchi

      The 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society  31 7 2013 

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Berlin  

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    • The examination of physiological factor on two context effects in multi-attribute decision making. International conference

      Itsuki Chiba, Takashi Tsuzuki, Masashi Soma

      The 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society  31 7 2012  The Cognitive Science Society

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Sapporo  

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    • Mutual interaction between product categories and three kinds of context effects in multi-attribute decision making. International conference

      Yuichi Hashimoto, Takashi Tsuzuki, Itsuki Chiba, Masashi Soma

      The 32nd Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  3 11 2011  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Seattle, USA  

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    • The influence of maximizing tendency on regret and counterfactual thinking in repeated versus switching decisions. International conference

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Manabu Kikuchi, Itsuki Chiba

      The 32nd Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  3 11 2011  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Seattle, USA  

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    • The influence of physiological factors on context effects in multi-attribute decision making. International conference

      Itsuki Chiba, Takashi Tsuzuki, Masashi Soma, Yuichi Hashimoto

      The 32nd Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  3 11 2011  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Venue:Seattle, USA  

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    • The influence of mood manipulation and decision-making style on the attraction effect in multi-attribute, multi-alternative decision making. International conference

      Takashi Tsuzuki, Manabu Kikuchi

      The 31th Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  19 11 2010  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:St. Louis, USA  

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    • The influevce of time pressure and information-searching activities on two context-dependent effects in multi-attribute decision making. International conference

      Manabu Kikuchi, Takashi Tsuzuki

      The 31th Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  19 11 2010  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:St. Louis, USA  

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    • An eye-tracking analysis of context effects in multi-attribute, multi-alternative decision making: Examining the attraction effect and the compromise effect. International conference

      TSUZUKI Takashi, Shirai, T, Ohta, A, Matsui, H, Honma, M

      The XXIX International Congress of Psychology  7 2008 

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Berlin  

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    • Context effects in multiattribute decision making: Examining attraction, similarity and compromise effects International conference

      TSUZUKI Takashi, MATSUI Hiroshi

      The 27th Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making  4 2006  Society for Judgment and Decision Making

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Houston, USA  

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    • A stochastic comparison-grouping model of multialternative choice: Explaining decoy effects International conference

      TSUZUKI Takashi, GUO Frank

      The Twenty-sixth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society  8 2004  The Cognitive Science Society

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    • Effects of postpositional particles on semantic processing of homophonic transitive and intransitive verbs using a cross-modal priming method: Empirical data and a parallel distributed processing account International conference

      TSUZUKI Takashi, T, Uchida, T, Kawamoto, A. H, Yukihiro, R, Hisano, M, Tsuzuki, K

      The 2nd International Conference of the Cognitive Science  8 1999 

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Tokyo  

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    • Effects of syntactic information on disambignation of homophonic Japanese verbs using a cross-modal priming task International conference

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      The 2nd Japanese conference on memory  4 1998 

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      Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

      Venue:Tsukuba  

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    • Effects of syntactic information on ambiguous Japanese verbs in sentence comprehension using a cross-modal priming task International conference

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      The nineteenth annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society  8 1997  The Cognitive Science Society

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    • Effects of syntactic information on semantic access of ambiguous verbs in comprehending an auditorily presented sentence International conference

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      The 8th International Conference on Cognitive Processing of Asian Languages  4 1997 

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    • An analysis of the semantic and syntactic features of polysemous verbs in the mental lexicon using INDSCAL and INDCLUS International conference

      TSUZUKI Takashi, OKADA Akinori

      国際分類学会  7 1996 

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    • Effects of associative strength between phonogramic and deogramic words on the processing of lexical ambiguity International conference

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      Abstract of the XXXVI International Congress of Psychology  4 1996 

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    • The context effect on the processing lexical ambiguity through the mental conversion from a polysemous phonogramic word to a compound ideogramic word: A speed-accuracy study. International conference

      TSUZUKI Takashi

      Abstract of the 7th International Conference on the Cognitive Processing of Chinese and other Asian Languages,Hong Kong  4 1995 

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    • Experimental examination and modeling of multi-alternative decision making

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    • 認知的負荷が多属性意思決定に及ぼす影響の解明:生体信号・生理指標に基づく分析

      日本学術振興会  科学研究費補助金 

      都築 誉史

      More details

      4 2013 - 3 2016

      Authorship:Principal investigator  Grant type:Competitive

      研究目的(概要)※ 当該研究計画の目的について、簡潔にまとめて記述してください。
      本研究の目的は,認知的負荷が,非合理的な選択現象である多属性意思決定における3種類の文脈効果(類似性効果,魅力効果,妥協効果)に影響を及ぼすメカニズムを,生体信号指標(眼球運動,事象関連電位)と,生理学的指標(血中グルコース濃度,唾液アミラーゼ活性)を用いて解明することにある。つまり,認知的負荷を与える状況で,2属性3肢選択意思決定課題を用い,(a) 眼球運動におけるサッカードの特徴を詳細に測定し,(b) 脳波の事象関連電位における関連成分の変化を明らかにする。また,(c) 実験参加者の血中グルコース濃度と唾液アミラーゼ活性を測定し,認知的負荷と認知資源の消耗やストレスとの関係を解明することを目指す。本研究は斬新な着想と,新しい方法論の適用を有し,研究成果の社会的応用も期待できる。
      ① 研究の学術的背景
      【文脈依存的な選択】 人間の複数の選択肢に対する選好は,元の選択肢の組に別の選択肢を追加することによって,多様に変化してしまう。複数の属性において異なる幾つかの対象から,人がどのように選択を行っているかという多属性-多肢選択意思決定に関して,近年,さまざまな選好の変化や逆転が生じるという知見が蓄積されてきた([1], 業績1, 6)。意思決定における文脈効果は,合理的な選択に関する規範的理論とは明らかに矛盾している。
      一方,こうした現象は,消費者行動,マーケティング(商品企画,販売戦略),公共選択(多数決による意思決定)といった実社会の諸問題と密接に関連しており,非常に重要な研究テーマである。この多属性意思決定における文脈効果に,認知的負荷が及ぼす影響を解明しようとする点に,本研究の斬新さがある。
      【3種類の文脈効果】 合理的選択に関する諸公理に違反した文脈依存的な選択現象として,本研究では,数多くの研究が行われてきた,2属性3肢選択意思決定課題における,類似性効果(similarity effect),魅力効果(attraction effect),妥協効果(compromise effect)の三つに焦点を当てる(詳細については“研究計画・方法”で説明する)。多属性意思決定における文脈効果について,認知的負荷という重要な要因に注目し,生体信号・生理指標の面から総合的に検討した研究は,従来,国内外で発表されておらず,独創的であり,国際的なレベルの成果が得られる可能性が高い。
      【認知的負荷】 認知的負荷(cognitive load)が高ければ,心的処理に必要な認知資源が消費される。認知的負荷が文脈効果に及ぼす影響について,包括的な研究はなされていない。しかし,認知資源を消耗させる課題を行うと魅力効果は増大し,妥協効果は逆に減少するという知見がある(業績7, 18)。人間の有する認知資源が消耗すると,セルフコントロールは低下する。認知資源は,血中のグルコース濃度によって測定が可能であると考えられている([2], 業績8)。認知的負荷が文脈効果にどのように影響を及ぼすかを検討することは,文脈効果が生起する基礎メカニズムを明らかにする上でも重要である。著者のグループでは,実験参加者の血中グルコース濃度を操作し,魅力効果と妥協効果に関して,認知資源の消耗やセルフコントロールと関連づけた実験や(業績7, 18),唾液アミラーゼ活性によってストレスを測定する実験を行ってきた実績がある。
      【測定方法の精緻化】 著者は2004年に,多属性意思決定における3種類の文脈効果を統一的に説明するモデルを発表した[3]。2005年以降,科学研究費補助金(基盤C)を受け,複数の予備調査に基づいて刺激材料を確定したうえで,2属性3肢選択意思決定課題における文脈効果について,選択率,反応時間,確信度を厳密に測定する実験を行い,論文を発表してきた(業績1, 6)。さらに,文脈効果が生起するメカニズムを解明するうえで,意思決定に至る情報探索・情報取得過程を詳細に検討することは非常に重要である。著者のグループでは,後続研究として,3肢選択課題遂行時の眼球運動におけるサッカードと停留時間の測定や(業績34, 35, [4]),マウス操作をトレーシングすることにより,3肢選択課題遂行時の情報探索・情報取得過程を分析する実験を行ってきた(業績27, 30)。


      ② 研究期間内に何をどこまで明らかにしようとするのか
      【研究の要点】本研究の目的は次の4点である。(1) 認知的負荷が,多属性意思決定課題における3種類の文脈効果に及ぼす影響について明らかにするため,眼球運動(サッカード)について詳細に分析する。(2) 認知的負荷が,文脈効果に及ぼす影響を明らかにするため,脳波における事象関連電位を分析する。(3) 認知的負荷が,実験参加者の血中グルコース濃度と,唾液アミラーゼ活性に及ぼす影響を生理学的に検討する。(4) 多様な実験データを統合し,多属性意思決定における文脈効果に関するモデルを発展させる。以下は,この4点に関する補足説明である。

      (1) 認知的負荷を操作するため,認知資源を消耗させる認知的葛藤課題(ストループ課題)と,課題遂行の時間制限(time pressure)の二つを用いる。著者らの従来の実験では,頭部搭載型・眼球運動測定装置(nac EMR-8)の時間分解能が低いため,属性ごとの注視について詳細に測定できなかった。また,頭部搭載型であるため,実験参加者に心理的な負担を与えた可能性がある。こうした点を改良し,参加者に負担が少ない非接触型・眼球運動測定装置(Tobii X120)を用い,認知的負荷が文脈効果に影響を及ぼすメカニズムを解明する。
      (2) 事象関連電位については,後頭のselection negativityと,前頭N2成分について分析を行う。
      (3) 認知的負荷を高める課題を行わせた後,グルコースを投与した群と,合成甘味料を投与した群で,多属性意思決定課題における文脈効果がどのように変化するかを検討する。同時に,心理的ストレスの指標である唾液アミラーゼ活性についても分析する。
      (4) 実験結果と従来の知見を統合し,認知的負荷が多属性意思決定における文脈効果に影響を及ぼすメカニズムについて,従来のモデルを,生体信号・生理指標をもふまえた形に発展させる。

      ③ 本研究の学術的な特色・独創的な点及び予想される結果と意義
      【生体信号・生理指標】 多属性意思決定における文脈効果について,認知的負荷という要因に注目し,生体信号・生理指標の面から,総合的に検討した研究は,従来,国内外で発表されておらず,独創的である。
      【二重過程理論】 人間の認知・思考に関する二重過程理論(dual process theory)によれば,(a) 高速,並列的で,自動的なシステム1(潜在的過程)と,(b) 低速,継時的で,認知資源を必要とするシステム2(顕在的過程)が区別されている(業績24)。先行研究では,魅力効果はシステム1に依存し,妥協効果はシステム2に依存するという報告があるが,筆者らはそれとは矛盾する結果を見出しており[4],さらなる実験的検討が必要不可欠である。つまり,本研究のテーマは,近年注目を集めている二重過程理論の観点からも,極めて挑戦的な理論的意義をもつ。
      【モデル】 この分野ではモデル研究が発展しており,BusemeyerグループとMcClellandグループの間で論争が行われている。著者は先年度に,Stanford大学のMcClelland教授と,Indiana大学のBusemeyer教授の研究室に客員研究員として滞在し,最新の情報を入手できた。方向性としては,連続時間確率過程を前提とした計算論的モデル研究であり,上記の実験的研究の成果をふまえ,独自のモデルを発展させることを目指す。
      【社会的応用】 本研究は新しい原理の発展,斬新な着想,新しい方法論の適用を有し,卓越した成果が期待できる。さらに,本研究の成果は,認知的負荷が高い状況における消費者行動,マーケティング,公共選択といった実社会の諸問題に,広く応用できる可能性がある。

      引用文献 [1] Tsetsos, K., Usher, M., & Chater, N. (2010). Preference reversal in multiattribute choice. Psychological Review, 117, 1275–1293. [2] Gailliot, M. T., Baumeister, R. F., DeWall, C. N., Maner, J. K., Plant, E. A., Tice, D. M., Brewer, L. E., & Schmeichel, B. J. (2007). Self-control relies on glucose as a limited energy source. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 325-336. [3] Tsuzuki, T., & Guo, F. Y. (2004). A stochastic comparison-grouping model of multialternative choice: Explaining decoy effects. Proceedings of the Twenty-sixth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Pp.1351-1356. [4] 都築誉史・本間元康 (投稿中). 眼球運動測定による多属性意思決定における文脈効果の分析―魅力効果と妥協効果に関する検討― 認知科学.

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    • 認知的負荷が多属性意思決定に及ぼす影響の解明:生体信号・生理指標に基づく分析

      日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 

      都築 誉史

      More details

      4 2013 - 3 2016

      Authorship:Principal investigator  Grant type:Competitive

      研究目的(概要)※ 当該研究計画の目的について、簡潔にまとめて記述してください。
      本研究の目的は,認知的負荷が,非合理的な選択現象である多属性意思決定における3種類の文脈効果(類似性効果,魅力効果,妥協効果)に影響を及ぼすメカニズムを,生体信号指標(眼球運動,事象関連電位)と,生理学的指標(血中グルコース濃度,唾液アミラーゼ活性)を用いて解明することにある。つまり,認知的負荷を与える状況で,2属性3肢選択意思決定課題を用い,(a) 眼球運動におけるサッカードの特徴を詳細に測定し,(b) 脳波の事象関連電位における関連成分の変化を明らかにする。また,(c) 実験参加者の血中グルコース濃度と唾液アミラーゼ活性を測定し,認知的負荷と認知資源の消耗やストレスとの関係を解明することを目指す。本研究は斬新な着想と,新しい方法論の適用を有し,研究成果の社会的応用も期待できる。
      ① 研究の学術的背景
      【文脈依存的な選択】 人間の複数の選択肢に対する選好は,元の選択肢の組に別の選択肢を追加することによって,多様に変化してしまう。複数の属性において異なる幾つかの対象から,人がどのように選択を行っているかという多属性-多肢選択意思決定に関して,近年,さまざまな選好の変化や逆転が生じるという知見が蓄積されてきた([1], 業績1, 6)。意思決定における文脈効果は,合理的な選択に関する規範的理論とは明らかに矛盾している。
      一方,こうした現象は,消費者行動,マーケティング(商品企画,販売戦略),公共選択(多数決による意思決定)といった実社会の諸問題と密接に関連しており,非常に重要な研究テーマである。この多属性意思決定における文脈効果に,認知的負荷が及ぼす影響を解明しようとする点に,本研究の斬新さがある。
      【3種類の文脈効果】 合理的選択に関する諸公理に違反した文脈依存的な選択現象として,本研究では,数多くの研究が行われてきた,2属性3肢選択意思決定課題における,類似性効果(similarity effect),魅力効果(attraction effect),妥協効果(compromise effect)の三つに焦点を当てる(詳細については“研究計画・方法”で説明する)。多属性意思決定における文脈効果について,認知的負荷という重要な要因に注目し,生体信号・生理指標の面から総合的に検討した研究は,従来,国内外で発表されておらず,独創的であり,国際的なレベルの成果が得られる可能性が高い。
      【認知的負荷】 認知的負荷(cognitive load)が高ければ,心的処理に必要な認知資源が消費される。認知的負荷が文脈効果に及ぼす影響について,包括的な研究はなされていない。しかし,認知資源を消耗させる課題を行うと魅力効果は増大し,妥協効果は逆に減少するという知見がある(業績7, 18)。人間の有する認知資源が消耗すると,セルフコントロールは低下する。認知資源は,血中のグルコース濃度によって測定が可能であると考えられている([2], 業績8)。認知的負荷が文脈効果にどのように影響を及ぼすかを検討することは,文脈効果が生起する基礎メカニズムを明らかにする上でも重要である。著者のグループでは,実験参加者の血中グルコース濃度を操作し,魅力効果と妥協効果に関して,認知資源の消耗やセルフコントロールと関連づけた実験や(業績7, 18),唾液アミラーゼ活性によってストレスを測定する実験を行ってきた実績がある。
      【測定方法の精緻化】 著者は2004年に,多属性意思決定における3種類の文脈効果を統一的に説明するモデルを発表した[3]。2005年以降,科学研究費補助金(基盤C)を受け,複数の予備調査に基づいて刺激材料を確定したうえで,2属性3肢選択意思決定課題における文脈効果について,選択率,反応時間,確信度を厳密に測定する実験を行い,論文を発表してきた(業績1, 6)。さらに,文脈効果が生起するメカニズムを解明するうえで,意思決定に至る情報探索・情報取得過程を詳細に検討することは非常に重要である。著者のグループでは,後続研究として,3肢選択課題遂行時の眼球運動におけるサッカードと停留時間の測定や(業績34, 35, [4]),マウス操作をトレーシングすることにより,3肢選択課題遂行時の情報探索・情報取得過程を分析する実験を行ってきた(業績27, 30)。


      ② 研究期間内に何をどこまで明らかにしようとするのか
      【研究の要点】本研究の目的は次の4点である。(1) 認知的負荷が,多属性意思決定課題における3種類の文脈効果に及ぼす影響について明らかにするため,眼球運動(サッカード)について詳細に分析する。(2) 認知的負荷が,文脈効果に及ぼす影響を明らかにするため,脳波における事象関連電位を分析する。(3) 認知的負荷が,実験参加者の血中グルコース濃度と,唾液アミラーゼ活性に及ぼす影響を生理学的に検討する。(4) 多様な実験データを統合し,多属性意思決定における文脈効果に関するモデルを発展させる。以下は,この4点に関する補足説明である。

      (1) 認知的負荷を操作するため,認知資源を消耗させる認知的葛藤課題(ストループ課題)と,課題遂行の時間制限(time pressure)の二つを用いる。著者らの従来の実験では,頭部搭載型・眼球運動測定装置(nac EMR-8)の時間分解能が低いため,属性ごとの注視について詳細に測定できなかった。また,頭部搭載型であるため,実験参加者に心理的な負担を与えた可能性がある。こうした点を改良し,参加者に負担が少ない非接触型・眼球運動測定装置(Tobii X120)を用い,認知的負荷が文脈効果に影響を及ぼすメカニズムを解明する。
      (2) 事象関連電位については,後頭のselection negativityと,前頭N2成分について分析を行う。
      (3) 認知的負荷を高める課題を行わせた後,グルコースを投与した群と,合成甘味料を投与した群で,多属性意思決定課題における文脈効果がどのように変化するかを検討する。同時に,心理的ストレスの指標である唾液アミラーゼ活性についても分析する。
      (4) 実験結果と従来の知見を統合し,認知的負荷が多属性意思決定における文脈効果に影響を及ぼすメカニズムについて,従来のモデルを,生体信号・生理指標をもふまえた形に発展させる。

      ③ 本研究の学術的な特色・独創的な点及び予想される結果と意義
      【生体信号・生理指標】 多属性意思決定における文脈効果について,認知的負荷という要因に注目し,生体信号・生理指標の面から,総合的に検討した研究は,従来,国内外で発表されておらず,独創的である。
      【二重過程理論】 人間の認知・思考に関する二重過程理論(dual process theory)によれば,(a) 高速,並列的で,自動的なシステム1(潜在的過程)と,(b) 低速,継時的で,認知資源を必要とするシステム2(顕在的過程)が区別されている(業績24)。先行研究では,魅力効果はシステム1に依存し,妥協効果はシステム2に依存するという報告があるが,筆者らはそれとは矛盾する結果を見出しており[4],さらなる実験的検討が必要不可欠である。つまり,本研究のテーマは,近年注目を集めている二重過程理論の観点からも,極めて挑戦的な理論的意義をもつ。
      【モデル】 この分野ではモデル研究が発展しており,BusemeyerグループとMcClellandグループの間で論争が行われている。著者は先年度に,Stanford大学のMcClelland教授と,Indiana大学のBusemeyer教授の研究室に客員研究員として滞在し,最新の情報を入手できた。方向性としては,連続時間確率過程を前提とした計算論的モデル研究であり,上記の実験的研究の成果をふまえ,独自のモデルを発展させることを目指す。
      【社会的応用】 本研究は新しい原理の発展,斬新な着想,新しい方法論の適用を有し,卓越した成果が期待できる。さらに,本研究の成果は,認知的負荷が高い状況における消費者行動,マーケティング,公共選択といった実社会の諸問題に,広く応用できる可能性がある。

      引用文献 [1] Tsetsos, K., Usher, M., & Chater, N. (2010). Preference reversal in multiattribute choice. Psychological Review, 117, 1275–1293. [2] Gailliot, M. T., Baumeister, R. F., DeWall, C. N., Maner, J. K., Plant, E. A., Tice, D. M., Brewer, L. E., & Schmeichel, B. J. (2007). Self-control relies on glucose as a limited energy source. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 325-336. [3] Tsuzuki, T., & Guo, F. Y. (2004). A stochastic comparison-grouping model of multialternative choice: Explaining decoy effects. Proceedings of the Twenty-sixth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Pp.1351-1356. [4] 都築誉史・本間元康 (投稿中). 眼球運動測定による多属性意思決定における文脈効果の分析―魅力効果と妥協効果に関する検討― 認知科学.

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      日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 

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    • 日本語文における多義性の解消プロセスに関する実験心理学的検討

      日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 

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      日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 

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